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Chronology of Kyoto Culture


 

Year

 

Events

to 8000 BC

 

People began settling in the Kyoto basin and nearby mountains.

to 200 BC

 

Communities of hunter-gatherers formed here and there in the Shirakawa and Kamigamo districts.

to AD 300

 

Rice cultivation and metal tool cultures were introduced from the continent. Agricultural communities appeared along the Katsura River, at Fukakusa, the Yamashina basin and other areas.

to AD 500

 

The Hata clan established itself in the Sagano district, successfully carried out flood control work and built a large sluice on the Kadono River (now the Katsura River).

678

 

Founding of the Kamo shrines (Kamigamo-jinja and Shimogamo-jinja).

794

 

Emperor Kanmu transfers the capital to Kyoto(then called Heian-kyo).
Green roof tiles for the imperial palace are fired in kilns in Iwakura and other areas of north Kyoto.

 

 


Heian-kyo
Heian-kyo (now Kyoto)
As shown in "Heian-kyo Reborn", a display model of the original city built for the 1200th anniversary, Shujaku Street ran north from Rajomon Gate towards the imperial palace.

796

 

Emperor Kanmu orders construction of To-ji Temple.

805

 

Founding of Kiyomizu-dera Temple, by Sakanoue-no-Tamuramaro.
Saicho, founder of the Tendai sect of Buddhism, returns from China.

806

 

Kukai, founder of the Shingon sect of Buddhism, returns from China.
* The katakana script comes into use around this time.

810

 

For the first time, an unmarried woman in the imperial family serves as a priestess in the Aoi Matsuri (Hollyhock Festival, also called Kamo-sai).

828

 

Kukai opens Shugeishuchi-in, the nations first education institution, where Buddhism and Confucianism are taught to the common folk.

863

 

Goryo-e rituals are conducted in Shin-en Garden. This was the precursor of today's Gion Matsuri.
* The hiragana script comes into use around this time.

874

 

The priest Rigen-Daishi establishes Daigo-ji Temple on Mt. Kasatori.
(The remainder of the temple below the mountain was completed at the start of the 10th century.)

887

 

Emperor Uda establishes Ninna-ji Temple.

894

 

At the recommendation of government official and scholar Sugawara-no-Michizane, the practice of sending large groups of emissaries to learn from China is abolished.
* Japanese culture begins developing independently.

905

 

Kino Tsurayuki, government official and man of letters, takes a prominent part in compiling the imperial anthology, Kokin-wakashu.

938

 

Kuya, founder of the Jodo sect of Buddhism, spreads the faith in Kyoto.

970

 

The Gion Goryo-e (precursor of today's Gion Matsuri) becomes a state ritual.

985

 

The priest Genshin completes Ojoyoshu (Essentials of Salvation), a compilation of Chinese Buddhist canon.
* Literature by women flourishes, e.g., Makura no Soshi (Pillow Book), Genji Monogatari (The Tale of Genji).

 

 


A painting depicting Murasaki Shikibu
A painting depicting Murasaki Shikibu, author of The Tale of Genji, by Tosa Mitsuoki (1617 - 1691). (Ishiyama-dera Temple)
A variety of Genji tales
 Completed in about the year 1000,Genji Monogatari is a major work of prose literature, extending to 54 chapters and dealing mainly with life in Heian-period Kyoto. From the beginning, it has been enormously popular. The author of Sarashina Nikki (Sarashina Diary) candidly expressed that the emotion she experienced on reading this work was stronger even than the pleasure felt after being appointed lady-in-waiting to an imperial princess. In Japan alone, hundreds of research papers and translations into modern Japanese are still being produced today. Although the true value of classics is to be found in the original work, interpretation into contemporary language for readers in another era with different values adds another dimension of reading enjoyment.

1086

 

Emperor Shirakawa begins ruling from retirement.

1096

 

The first recorded yabusame event is held at the Toba Palace, Emperor Shirakawa's retirement villa (now Jonangu Shrine). Yabusame was performed by warriors, who shot arrows at targets while mounted on horses at full gallop. Dengaku, festivals of music and dance associated with agriculture are very popular in Kyoto.
* Samurai gain prominence around this time.

1156

 

Hogen Disturbance: Taira-no-Kiyomori, Minamoto-no-Yoshitomo and others attack the palace of retired emperor Sutoku, later forcing him into exile.

1159

 

Heiji Disturbance: Fujiwara-no-Nobuyori, Minamoto-no-Yoshitomo and others attack the palace of the retired emperor Go-shirakawa, in the vicinity of Sanjo and Karasuma Streets.

1175

 

Genku (priest Honen), founder of the Jodo sect of Buddhism, spreads the faith in Kyoto.

1179

 

Retired emperor Go-Shirakawa compiles a collection of folk songs, called Ryojin Hisho.
* The priest Eisai founds the Rinzai sect of Zen Buddhism.

 

 


Kennin-ji Temple
Kennin-ji Temple
Eisai founded Kennin-ji Temple in 1202 (Year 2 of the Kennin era). From the 9th century through the middle ages, many temples took the name of the era in which they were founded.

1192

 

Minamoto-no-Yoritomo is given the title Shogun, becoming the first shogun of the Kamakura Period.

1205

 

Fujiwara-no-Teika and others compile the Shin-kokin-wakashu, a successor to the earlier imperial anthology, Kokin-wakashu.
* The priest Myo-e rebuilds Kozan-ji Temple.

1212

 

Kamo-no-Chomei writes Hojo-ki (translated as The Ten Foot Square Hut and An Account of My Hut.
* Heike Monogatari (The Tale of the Heike) is passed on as a popular tale.

1221

 

Jokyu Disturbance: retired emperor Go-toba attempts to overthrow the shogunal regent, Hojo Yoshitoki. The attempt fails and the shogunate establishes the Rokuhara Tandai (shogunal deputies) in Kyoto to maintain its authority in the city.
* Shinran, founder of the Jodo-shin sect of Buddhism, spreads the faith in Kyoto.

1235

 

Fujiwara-no-Teika compiles Ogura Hyakunin-isshu (100 Poems by 100 Poets).
* Nichiren spreads teachings of the Hokke sutra (Nichiren sect of Buddhism).

1274

 

Ippen, founder of the Ji sect of Buddhism proselytizes in Kyoto. A messenger from Kyushu brings news of a Mongol invasion. (Again in 1281.)
* Yoshida Kenko writes Tsurezuregusa (Essays in Idleness).

1335

 

Graffiti is written in prose form where Nijo Street meets the Kamo River. The writer reports that night-time breaking and entering, armed holdups and fraud are currently rife throughout the city.

1336

 

Ashikaga Takauji installs Emperor Komyo (the Northern Court) in Kyoto, while the incumbent Emperor Go-daigo, who had been forced to flee south to Yoshino establishes the Southern Court. The split continued until 1392.

1338

 

Ashikaga Takauji is appointed shogun.
* The ship Tenryuji-bune is sent to trade with China, to raise funds for building of Tenryu-ji Temple. Gozan bungaku (Chinese learning) flourishes in the Gozan Zen temples of Kyoto.

1339

 

Muso Soseki rebuilds Saiho-ji Temple.
Ashikaga Takauji founds Tenryu-ji Temple.

1378

 

Ashikaga Yoshimitsu builds the Muromachi Palace (also known as Hana-no-Gosho, or Palace of Flowers) in what is now Kamigyo Ward.
* Kitayama culture flourishes.

1397

 

Ashikaga Yoshimitsu builds Kitayama-dai (Kitayama Palace, later to become Kinkaku-ji Temple).

1404

 

The Chinese emperor formally recognises Ashikaga Yoshimitsu as the ruler of Japan, addressing him as the King of Japan in official correspondence.
* Noh achieves general popularity, thanks to Kan-ami, his son Ze-ami, and others.
* Painting in Indian ink, Tea, rikka (standing flowers), Sarugaku (a precursor of Noh and Kyogen) and other arts flourished around this time.

 

 


Kyogen
A scene from the Kyogen comedy, Kamabara.
When her idle husband refuses to go into the mountains to collect firewood, the wife loses her temper and threatens to do him in with a sickle, declaring there is no point in him being alive.

The strong-minded women in Kyogen and other plays
In Kyogen, which is believed to have developed during the Muromachi Period, many of the characters are city or farming men, women, parents, children, etc., who have no family names. Until the beginning of the middle ages, it was customary for men to be received into the households of their brides. Women possessed inheritance rights to the house, property and other assets, which means they had a good grip on finances. The vestiges of such practices were still visible at the time Kyogen prospered, with many women engaging in all sorts of commercial activities, such as selling sake, fish, tofu, clothing, and so on. Kyogen parodies the times, sometimes drawing laughter through depictions of women that are full of life and good humour, but occasionally prone to causing great disturbance through irrational behaviour.

1450

 

Hosokawa Katsumoto establishes Ryoan-ji Temple.

1462

 

Ikenobo Senkei, founder of the Ikenobo school of ikebana and said to have founded the rikka (standing flower) style, arranges flowers at the invitation of the powerful Kyogoku family.

1467

 

The Onin War begins (continuing until 1477).
* Higashiyama culture flourishes around this time.

1482

 

Ashikaga Yoshimasa begins construction of a mountain villa in Higashiyama (later to become Ginkaku-ji Temple).
* Work begins on painting of the Rakuchu Rakugai-zu (Within Kyoto / Outside of Kyoto) folding screen.

 

 


Rakuchu Rakugai
A part of the Rakuchu Rakugai-zu painting in the Uesugi Family Book. This copy is from a ceramic panel in Kyoto ASNY.

Gion Matsuri - an expression of the townspeople's energy
Gion Matsuri dates from 869. Epidemic was raging throughout the country at the time, and special rituals were held to drive out the evil. These rituals are believed to be the precursors of today's festival, Gion Matsuri. The festival was not held for more than 30 years, after most of Kyoto was destroyed during the Onin War (1467 - 1477). However, the drive of the townspeople rebuilt the city and resurrected the festival. While only 36 of the original 58 floats took part in the revived festival procession, the vitality of the townspeople ushered in a new era of cultural prosperity. In a period when religious organizations were growing increasingly powerful, the government sought to ban Gion Matsuri. To this the people retorted they could do without the rituals, but insisted on going ahead with the procession of floats. The festival has been maintained through periods of hardship solely by the energy of the townspeople, for their own satisfaction. This same energy still pulsates throughout Kyoto, especially in the old quarters that maintain the festival floats.

1500

 

Gion-e (Gion Matsuri) is resurrected by the Kyoto townspeople.

1550

 

The Christian missionary Francis Xavier arrives in Kyoto.

1568

 

Oda Nobunaga arrives in Kyoto to lend military support to Ashikaga Yoshiaki, setting up camp in To-ji Temple.

1571

 

Competitions in traditional dance take place in neighbourhood communities all over the city.
Around this time, there were 47 such communities in Kamigyo (Upper Kyoto) and 50 in Shimogyo (Lower Kyoto).

1573

 

Oda Nobunaga sends Ashikaga Yoshiaki into exile and brings an end to the Muromachi shogunate.

1575

 

The townspeople invite Oda Nobunaga to Kyoto and give a Noh performance at Myoken-ji Temple.
Nobunaga holds a Tea gathering at Myokaku-ji Temple, in which Kyoto townspeople take part.
Nobunaga appoints Sen Soeki (Sen-no-Rikyu) as his Master of Tea.

 

 


Illustration of Sen-no-Rikyu






Illustration of Sen-no-Rikyu, by Horiuchi Senkaku. (Urasenke School of Tea)

1582

 

Honnoji Incident: Akechi Mitsuhide assassinates Oda Nobunaga.
* A series of land surveys (Taiko kenchi) commences.

1585

 

Toyotomi Hideyoshi is appointed kanpaku, (chief adviser to the Emperor).  Momoyama culture prospers around this time.

1587

 

Hideyoshi builds a magnificent palace, named Juraku-dai.

1591

 

Hideyoshi relocates Hongan-ji Temple to its present location (now Nishi Hongan-ji Temple); and builds earthen levee banks around the main part of the city.
Land tax on government-owned land within the city limits is abolished.

1594

 

Construction of Fushimijo Castle.

1596

 

A major earthquake (Keicho Dai-jishin) causes many casualties, and extensive damage to Fushimijo Castle and Kyoto.

1600

 

Battle of Sekigahara: Tokugawa Ieyasu brings the country under one rule.

1601

 

In unifying the nations currency, Ieyasu establishes the country's first silver mint in Fushimi.

1603

 

Tokugawa Ieyasu becomes the first shogun of the Edo Period, and builds Nijo Castle as his base in Kyoto.
Izumo-no-Okuni, reputed founder of kabuki, begins presenting kabuki performances at Kitano Shrine.

1604

 

The priest Genkitsu begins letterpress printing activity at Enko-ji Temple.

1611

 

Suminokura Ryoi begins work on digging the Takase River (canal).

1615

 

Ieyasu presents land in Takagamine to the artist Hon-ami Koetsu. A large community of artisans develops in Takagamine.
* Tawaraya Sotatsu is active at this time, painting the famous Fujin Raijin byobu (Folding screen illustration of the Gods of Wind and Thunder), etc.
* Kyo-yaki ceramics is in its beginning stages, in the Higashiyama district.
* Kyoto is at the heart of a prospering publishing industry of works by private citizens.

1641

 

Kano Tanyu and other artists of the Kano school are commissioned to paint sliding partitions in the Imperial Palace.

1658

 

Publication of books on famous places and other aspects of Kyoto: Kyo-warabe in 1658; Kyo-suzume in 1665 and Kyo-habutae in 1685.
* Kabuki theatres thrive on the dry riverbed near Shijo Street.
* Ihara Saikaku publishes Koshoku Ichidai Otoko (The Life of an Amorous Man), among other books set in Kyoto and illustrated with ukiyo-e.

1691

 

Matsuo Basho writes Saga Nikki (Saga Diary) while staying at the hut Rakushisha, in Sagano.

1693

 

Ichikawa Danjuro, the first in the Ichikawa family of kabuki actors, returns to the Maruyama-za theatre (on the dry riverbed near Shijo Street).
* Ogata Korin and younger brother Ogata Kenzan are active at this time. The "Korin" design becomes an established pattern in yuzen-style dyeing.

 

 


Kakitsubata-zu byobu
The Kakitsubata-zu byobu (folding screen with paintings of irises), painted by Ogata Korin. (National Treasure; Nezu Institute of Fine Arts, Tokyo)

1730

 

The Great Kyoho Fire causes extensive damage. Fired earthenware roof tiles are subsequently promoted as one fire prevention measure.

1735

 

Of Kyoto's textile merchants, 42 have shops in Edo (now Tokyo).

1755

 

Display of folding screens by private houses on the eve of the Gion-e (Gion Matsuri) becomes a popular practice.
* The Maruyama-Shijo (Okyo / Goshun) schools of painting achieve broad fame.

1780

 

Miyako Meisho Zu-e, an illustrated publication aimed at the common folk, is a huge success.

1799

 

Publication of Miyako Rinsen Meisho Zu-e, a guide to famous gardens in Kyoto.
* Sightseeing in Kyoto has thrived since the middle of the Edo Period. The attraction of Kyoto spawned a great variety of local products identifiable with Kyoto: kyo-ningyo, kyo-gashi, kyo-sensu, kyo-beni, kyo-fukuro-mono (dolls, confectionery, folding fans, lipstick, accessories, etc.).
* At this time, 183 publishing / book-selling establishments were operating in Kyoto.

1822

 

The poet, historian and Confucian scholar Rai Sanyo moves into his studio "Sanshi Suimei-sho", set among picturesque surroundings, and holds gatherings for discussion of the arts and culture.

1847

 

A school for the nobility opens near the Kenshun-mon Gate to the Imperial Palace. This school was later instrumental in development of the sonno-joi (Revere the Emperor; Expel the Intruders) movement that played a part in restoration of imperial rule and the downfall of the Edo shogunate.

1862

 

Teradaya Incident: A number of anti-shogunate, anti-foreign imperial loyalists, including the leader of the Satsuma domain, were killed in a Fushimi inn.

1864

 

Ikedaya Incident: The shogun's special police force, Shinsengumi, attacks a gathering of anti-shogunate, anti-foreign imperial loyalists at a Kyoto inn, killing some and arresting others.
Hamaguri Gomon Incident: A battle between shogunate forces and anti-foreign, anti-shogunate forces of the Choshu domain (now Yamaguchi Prefecture). The Choshu forces are defeated.

1867

 

Sakamoto Ryoma and Nakaoka Shintaro (imperial loyalists) are assassinated in Omiya by members of a shogunate peace-keeping force.
At Nijo Castle, Tokugawa Yoshinobu, the last shogun, formally returns political rule to the Emperor.

1868

 

Battle of Toba-Fushimi: Shogunate forces are defeated by the army of the new imperial government. The office of daikan (shogunate's local administrator) is abolished, and administration of the Kyoto region is ceded to Kyoto Prefecture.

1869

 

Establishment of the Bangumi (neighbourhood community) system - 33 Bangumi in Kamigyo (Upper Kyoto), 32 in Shimogyo (Lower Kyoto).
Sixty-four Bangumi elementary schools are opened in Kyoto.

 

 


one of the Bangumi schools
Umeya Elementary School, one of the Bangumi schools.
Elementary schools of that time were surrounded by trees serving as fire walls. The schools also housed fire-fighting units, ward offices, police stations and other local administrative functions.


The first elementary schools in Japan:
Japan's first elementary schools opened in Kyoto in 1869, three years before establishment of the school zone system. More than half of the city had been destroyed by fire before the Imperial Restoration of 1868. Compounded with transfer of the capital and the Imperial residence to Tokyo, the people of Kyoto were uneasy about their future. The townspeople understood that the future of Kyoto lay in education and training. They therefore set out to build an elementary school for every neighbourhood community (Bangumi), establishing 64 schools in all. None of the schools were large, covering only about 300 square metres on average. They were administered by civic organizations, which took responsibility for managing the schools, collection and allocation of funds, and so on. Furthermore, from the Meiji era until recent times, many schools possessed works of fine arts and crafts, presented in gratitude and as encouragement by former students who had gone on to become skill ed artists and artisans.

1871

 

Western-style time-keeping methods were applied at each school. Start of classes, etc., were marked by the beat of a drum.

1872

 

The 1st Kyoto Exposition.
The 1st Miyako Odori (Miyako Dance).
Telegraph communications are established in the Kyoto, Osaka and Kobe region, and between Kyoto and Tokyo.

1873

 

The nation's 1st jokoba (junior high school for girls) opens in Kyoto.

1876

 

Establishment of a prefectural teacher training college.

1877

 

Work begins on construction of Kyoto Station.
 A railway link opens between Kyoto and Kobe.
The first domestically-produced Jacquard weaving machine is completed.

1878

 

First edition of the newspaper Kyoto Nichi-nichi Shinbun.

1880

 

Kyoto-fu Ga-Gakko opens (now the Kyoto City University of Arts).

 

 


E ni Naru SaishoE ni Naru Saisho (The First Time in Paint), by Takeuchi Seiho (Kyoto City Museum of Fine Arts).
Depicts the embarrassment and hesitation of a model about to pose nude for the first time. This is one of the few works by Seiho that include people.

Painting a sparrow that chirps:
Takeuchi Seiho was a master of painting in early modern Kyoto, active during the Meiji, Taisho and Showa eras. As Japan on the whole westernized after the Meiji Restoration, Seiho put a halt to the decline in Japanese painting (Nihon-ga), contributing enormously to incorporation and development of new styles and techniques. From his early years, Seiho was skilled at drawing sparrows, and generally regarded to be the best. In later years, some of his paintings were in effect valued in terms of the number of sparrows they contained. However, Seiho was not satisfied with his work. He is reported to have lamented, "There are tales of paintings where the sparrows were so real that they flew off the paper, leaving only the outline. My sparrows don't even give a chirp to show they're about to leave." An apt description of Seiho, a painter on an endless quest for the essence of drawing. Seiho once said the artist should "paint volumes rather than try to explain, should think deeply rather than paint volumes, should stand silent before nature, rather than think deeply."

1885

 

First edition of the newspaper Hinode Shinbun.
Work begins on the Lake Biwa Aqueduct.

1886

 

Maruyama Park opens.

1889

 

Promulgation of the Constitution of the Empire of Japan
Enactment of the Kyoto-shisei-shiko, officially designating Kyoto a city. (Kyoto Prefecture had one city and 279 towns at the time.)
The first city administrative assembly is held in Daiun-in Temple.
Completion of work on the Keage Incline, for the Lake Biwa Aqueduct.

1891

 

The nation's first hydro-electric power station begins generating in Keage.

1895

 

Projects marking the 1100th anniversary of the founding of Heian-kyo (now Kyoto): Inauguration of the nations first electrically-powered tramcar service (Kyoto Denki Tetsudo). In the same year, the service was expanded to run from Nanzen-ji Temple to Fushimi.
Construction of Heian-jingu Shrine.
Kyoto sponsors the National Industrial Exhibition.
The 1st Jidai Matsuri (Festival of the Ages).

 

 


electric tramcar service
A commemorative photograph taken during inauguration of the electric tramcar service. The initial route was 6.7 km long, and ran between Shichijo Street and Fushimi.

1897

 

Kyoto Imperial University opens (now Kyoto University).

1898

 

Repeal of the special municipal regulations that restrict the autonomy of the three main cities: Tokyo, Kyoto and Osaka. The City Government Office opens at the intersection of Teramachi Street and Oike Street. (October 15 is Kyoto City Autonomy Commemoration Day)

1903

 

Kinen Dobutsuen (Commemoration Zoo) opens (now the Kyoto City Zoo).

1904

 

Kawashima Jinbei enters samples of Nishijin textiles at the St. Louis Exposition, and receives the highest award.

1907

 

Shooting of the first movie to be produced in Japan starts at Shinnyo-do Temple.

1915

 

Yoshii Isamu compiles an anthology of Gion music, Gion Kashu.

1918

 

Nihon-ga (Japanese painting) artists Tsuchida Bakusen, Murakami Kagaku and others establish the Kokuga-sosaku-kyokai (Society for Creating a National Style of Painting).

1922

 

The founding conference of the Zenkoku Suihei-sha is held in Okazaki. The Suihei-sha represented burakumin (a minority group) all over Japan. Their aim was active opposition to discriminatory practices and unfair treatment.

1927

 

Opening of the Maruyama Park Outdoor Music Stage.
Opening of the Kyoto Central Wholesale Market, the first of its kind in Japan.

1928

 

Municipally-run City Bus services begin, between Demachi and the Botanical Garden.

1933

 

Kyoto Bijutsukan opens (now Kyoto City Museum of Fine Arts).

1935

 

The 1st Kyoto Exhibition. (Now called Kyo-ten [Art Exhibition sponsored by Kyoto City].)

1942

 

Various newspapers in Kyoto Prefecture merge to become Kyoto Shinbun.

1945

 

Bombs are dropped on the city in several places: on Uma-machi, Higashiyama Ward, and elsewhere.  The war ends.

1946

 

Promulgation of the Constitution of Japan.
 The 1st National Sports Festival is held in Kyoto.

1947

 

Ceramic artist Tomimoto Kenkichi and others establish the Shin-sho-kogei-kai (Society for Raising Master Artisans).

1948

 

Nihon-ga (Japanese painting) artists Uemura Shoko and others set up the Sozo-bijutsu (Creative Art Society - now the So-ga-kai, or Creative Painting Society).
Ceramic artist Yagi Kazuo and others form the Sodei-sha (Earthworm
s Footprints Group) for the purpose of creating a new kind of ceramic art.

1949

 

Yukawa Hideki becomes the first Japanese to receive a Nobel Prize (Physics).

1954

 

NHK begins television transmissions in Kyoto

1955

 

Inoue Yachiyo IV, dancer of kyo-mai and choreographer, is among the first group of artists and artisans to be designated Living National Treasures.

1956

 

Enactment of the Kyoto City Citizens' Charter.
Establishment of the Kyoto Symphony Orchestra.
Mishima Yukio completes his novel, Kinkaku-ji.

1958

 

Proclamation of a Friendship Agreement with Paris, France (the 1st Sister City).

 

 


ESTAMPIDA
ESTAMPIDA, a gift from Guadalajara, stands in Takara-ga-ike Park. The sculpture suggests a mob of stampeding wild horses.

Kyotos Sister Cities
Kyoto currently has Sister City relationships with nine cities: Paris (France), Boston, Cologne, Florence, Kiev, Xian, Guadalajara, Zagreb and Prague. Significant artistic and cultural exchange, exchange of monuments, and other activities take place with each of these cities. For instance, the Kyoto City Mayor's Prize is presented to the winner of the Boston Marathon each year. In 1994, a Japanese-style garden modeled on that of Sanpo-in Temple (within Daigo-ji Temple) was constructed in Guadalajara, to commemorate Guadalajara's 450th anniversary and the 10th anniversary of the Sister City relationship. As a city open to "the free exchange of the world's cultures", Kyoto will continue to develop towards achievement of the highest ideals.

1960

 

Opening of Kyoto Kaikan.

1962

 

Nishikyogoku Comprehensive Sports Park opens.
Novelist Kawabata Yasunari completes the novel, Ko-to.

1966

 

Enactment of Ko-to Hozon-ho, a law designed to assist efforts to preserve historical scenes in old cities, for the benefit of later generations.
Kyoto International Conference Hall opens.

1969

 

Bidai (a fine arts university) and Ongaku Tan-dai (a music college) merge with the Kyoto City University of Arts.

1972

 

Work begins on construction of the dormitory suburb, Rakusai Newtown.

1976

 

Mibu Kyogen is designated an Important Intangible Folk-Cultural Asset.

1978

 

Kyoto City declares itself "A City Open to the Free Exchange of the World's Cultures."
Kyoto's tramcars are taken out of service.

1981

 

The Subway Karasuma Line begins services.

1983

 

Kyoto sponsors The 1st National Women's Ekiden (long-distance relay race).

1987

 

The 1st World Historical Cities Conference is held in Kyoto.
The International Research Center for Japanese Studies opens.

1988

 

Held in Kyoto for the second time, the city sponsors the 43rd National Sports Festival.

1989

 

Kyoto International Community House opens.

1994

 

Projects marking the 1200th anniversary of the founding of Heian-kyo (now Kyoto)
The 1st Kyoto Matsuri (Kyoto Festival).
Cultural assets of the old capital, Kyoto, are listed as World Cultural Heritage Sites.

1995

 

Kyoto Concert Hall opens.

 

 


Kyoto Concert Hall
Kyoto Concert Hall

1996

 

Kyoto City Industrial Exhibition Hall (Miyako Messe) opens.

1997

 

Extension of the Subway Karasuma Line to the Kyoto International Conference Hall.
Kyoto sponsors the National Inter-High School Sports Festival.
The new Kyoto Station opens.
The Subway Tozai Line begins services.
The UNFCCC-COP3 conference is held in Kyoto.
The 1st Kyoto Film Festival.

 

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Access time: 03/02/2003